Medicine | The Knowledge Dynasty


Meet the drones that will be delivering blood and medicine to hospitals in Rwanda

Where the roads don’t go, the skies do. Starting later this year, hospitals and clinics in western Rwanda that are difficult to reach on the ground will be able to receive important medical supplies via delivery drones.

Zipline, an American startup company, recently signed an agreement with the Government of Rwanda to provide all last mile blood deliveries in the country. Those potentially lifesaving packages will be airlifted to their destination by Zip, the company’s high-speed, autonomous aircraft.

According to Zipline CEO Keller Rinaudo, the fixed-wing fliers weigh in at approximately 20 pounds and capable of carrying several additional pounds of cargo while covering nearly 75 miles round trip on a single charge. Zip lives up to its name, traveling at around 180 miles an hour to reach its destination, which is dictated by an onboard SIM card. The crafts can even stay airborne through elements like strong winds and heavy rain.

“We deploy these vehicles in modified shipping containers that we call Nests, which are set up next to existing medical warehouses in the countries we operate in,” Rinaudo explained. Nests contain between 10 and 15 Zips, each of which will perform between 30 and 60 deliveries per day to 22 transfusing facilities located in the Western half of Rwanda.

“Zips takeoff and land at the Nest, and make deliveries by descending close to the ground and air dropping the package to a designated spot at a health center which we call a mailbox,” Rinaudo said.

The Zips will be a welcome addition to the country’s infrastructure. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that one-third of the world’s population lacks access to essential medicine and nowhere is that impact felt more than in Africa, where the figure can skyrocket to as high as half the citizenry.

The numbers are even worse for women and children, who too often pay with their lives for a lack of access to basic care. Nearly three million children under age five die every year from lack of access to basic medical needs, while 150,000 pregnancy-related deaths could be avoided each year if mothers could reliably receive safe blood. Africa in particular suffers from the the highest rate in the world of maternal death due to postpartum hemorrhaging.

“Increasing access to lifesaving blood transfusions is critically important for women across the continent,” Rinaudo said.

While women will be considerable beneficiaries of the improved method of delivery, blood transfusions are vitally important to every part of the population. Rinaudo explained that 50 percent of all blood transfusions in the country are for primary pulmonary hypertension and 30 percent are for children with anemia from malaria.

Rinaudo’s plan to use drones to overcome infrastructure challenges for medical deliveries came during a visit to the Ifakara Health Institute in Tanzania in 2014. At the institute, which is one of Africa’s most prominent health research organizations, he spoke with a graduate student who had built a mobile alert system for health workers to text emergency requests for medicine and vaccines.

“Health workers had made thousands of emergency requests, that were not possible before thanks to this system,” he said. “Unfortunately, there was no way for the government to fulfill these requests. We were looking at a database of death with thousands of names, addresses, ages, phone numbers.”

Zipline is designed to be the other half of the system, the fulfillment center that will receive those emergency requests and be able to respond by delivering the necessary supplies with unprecedented speed.

In a nation like Rwanda, where the technology infrastructure is considerably less developed than in other parts of the world, it can be hard to imagine such a system operating. But, according to Rinaudo, it’s actually easier to launch a program like Zipline in a developing country than in a place like the United States.

“In places where the medical needs are extremely urgent, and the airspace is less complex, there is more willingness to innovate,” he explained. “Rwanda has leapfrogged bigger and more technologically advanced countries like the United States and now leads the world in UAV innovation.”

The prospects for autonomous delivery drones are still muddled in the United States, where regulatory bodies and commercial interests are competing to define the rules for such services and attempting to cut up airspacethough the products being delivered by the unmanned aircraft would, in most cases, be bringing items that are superfluous rather than essential.

July 2016 marks the date of liftoff for the Zipline system. According to Rinaudo, once the company has fully rolled out its service to the Eastern portion of the country in 2017, Zips deploying from the Nests will be able to fulfill country-wide delivery requests for essential and lifesaving medicines in 30 minutesor less for nearly all ofRwanda’s 11 million citizens.

“This system will save thousands of lives and dramatically increase the standard of care and access to medical products for millions of Rwandan citizens,” Rinaudo said.

Rwanda will be the biggest test case for Zipline, but it won’t be the only one; the company will be expanding its services to other developing countries later this year as well.

H/T Engadget

Read more:

Health Informatics: Linking the Dots of Medicine and Data


As the boundaries between various health sectors and professions become increasingly unclear, and as health care grows more complex, the ability to effectively communicate about patient care has also become paramount. Health care greatly relies on information and data for every aspect of its delivery. However, a large number of health care institutions and clinicians in various corners of the world are unable to or ineffectively communicate across different locations. Healthinformatics is a rescue technology that combines medicine and healthcare with information technology and computer science to enhance health care standards. Simply put, health informatics has the ability to reduce errors, duplication, costs, and wastes in all facets of health care.

Issues in healthcare management

Managing health information requires planning and decision making, both inside and outside of technology. The following are the key issues in health care information management:

· Infrastructure and standards

· Ensuring security and privacy of data

· Systems and application integration and interoperability

· Identification of practitioners and consumers

· Provision of quality data in a timely manner for use in clinical planning, decision making, research, and policy.

Health informatics addresses all these loop holes and paves way for effective health care delivery and patient satisfaction.

Health care information systems

The health care information systems work on the principle of systems development. Systems development consists of five major elements including analysis, planning, design, implementation, and support. Defining in a basic level, it is the combination of software, hardware, processes, data, and people to form an information network.

Electronic data storage

Today, electronic health records are replacing bulging volumes of papers. Electronic data promises the benefits of information sharing and enables data to be automatically displayed and processed. When informatics is applied to medicine, the impact it can bring about is extremely realistic and highly efficient.

Health information interchange

The information involved in health care delivery is intensive. The need to share data seamlessly across different geographical settings and electronic health records are two powerful aspects that are shaping the face of healthcare and the manner in which data is being collected. This enables health care providers to offer effective, efficient, and safer care to their patients. Health informatics solutions are developed to encompass the standards for health information management along with information technology and bring them together in a platform that is compatible with international standards. Health information also addresses different management issues and serves as an answer to various challenges. 

Author Claire Hunter recommends choosing the right health informatics for your medical organisation. 


When we are ill and we have to take many bitter medicines we all some other time come up with a thought that how good it would be to get cured without medicine. Some people really have trouble in swallowing bitter medicine. Even the thought of bitter medicine brings an eerie feeling down our spine. Medicine are so bitter so is not liked by anyone be it a small kid or a grown up. Many people take medicine by dissolving it in water, some medicine come in sweet taste. Now a day’s small children medicine comes in variety of fruit taste. It makes the intake of medicine easy but eating a medicine is only sufficient to bring that eerie feeling.

 Many medicines are good in curing the ailment but many of them leave you with side effects. These side effects may harm your other organs or may bring bad effect. Like some medicine harms your hair in sense of loss of hair, some affect your completion, some your health and weight also. All these are side effect of medicine.Once in a while in life every one must have tasted the bitter taste of medicine. Be it young, old or a small kid all hate eating medicine and the reason is its bitter taste. If we start a search world wide we wont find a single person who like eating medicine. Even a single thought of eating medicine brings a chill down our spine and the reason is only one that is bitter in taste.

Children even have problems swallowing it.Here comes another sphere of biomedical science that treats you without any consumption of medicine. It is a very promising medical field that can treat many big ailments and problems. This sphere of medical science is known as physiotherapy. Physiotherapy is one and only branch of science that cures patients without any sort of medication. Physiotherapy works on the approach of exercise. The physiotherapist treats its patients with the help of exercise. Physiotherapist in Delhi care for getting you better and keep you moving. They not only treat you for your symptoms, but give you the knowledge you need to manage your illness, injury, or disability. Physiotherapy is concerned with identifying and maximizing quality of life and increasing the range of movement potential within the spheres of promotion, prevention, diagnosis, treatment/intervention and rehabilitation.

This encompasses physical, psychological, emotional and social wellbeing of the person. There are numbers of physiotherapists in Delhi.There are various sub specialties in physiotherapy such as cardiovascular and pulmonary, clinical electrophysiology, geriatrics, integumentary, neurological, orthopedic, pediatrics, sports and women health related. The physiotherapists in Delhi are expert and specialized in all the above sub specialties. Physiotherapy in Delhi is specialized in clinical electrophysiology and neurological treatments. The physiotherapy treatment in Delhi is expertise in cardiovascular and pulmonary related treatments. The physiotherapists are expected to be physically fit and full of energy the reason behind is that they have to treat their patients with the help of hand movements and exercises and this all requires a lot of strength.


This article has been written and posted by a health advisor working at, who also provides free of cost consultancy to patients and advise to search and find, Physiotherapist in Delhi By visiting the site, patients can look for Physiotherapy in Delhi  and to get their proper treatment. Physiotherapy treatment in Delhi to get their proper treatment.

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